aeri150x62The Atomic Energy Research Institute was founded as part of the Central Research Institute for Physics in the early fifties and became an independent academic institute in 1990. Its main activity is the research in the field of nuclear energy, and it is the main background institute of the Hungarian NPP at Paks. It hosts the Budapest Neutron Centre and operates the Budapest Research Reactor. This main activity is supported by an advanced health physics and dosimetry section (HPD), which operates the secondary standard dosimetry laboratory (SSDL, member of the IAEA network). The space research and dosimetry group started its activity as early as 1970 providing instrumentation for micrometeorite detection on the Vertical satellite. Since then many electronic devices were flown on different satellites, including the ongoing Rosetta program. The first TL dosimeters (TLD) were flown aboard the Saljut-6 (Russian) in 1979. Based on the this experience the PILLE miniaturized, portable TLD system was developed and first used by a Hungarian astronaut on the MIR space station in 1980. Since then regular dosimetry measurements have been made in space, including Space Shuttle (STS) missions. In the mean time detectors based on solid state nuclear track technique (SSNT) were developed to study the hard component of cosmic radiation. Such a detector stack was first flown on a Cosmos satellite in 1986 and later on the MIR station. From the early days (2001) of the International Space Station’s (ISS) life the improved versions of the PILLE system were used to monitor the radiation environment on the ISS both on the Russian and the USA segments. Since 2003, the PILLE device is the service dosimetry system of the Roscosmos aboard the ISS and during the extra vehicular activities (EVA). The SSNT dosimeter stacks have been integrated in the Russian Biology and Radiation Dosimetry (BRADOS) programs since 2001 up to the present time. Similar SSNT stacks were constructed for the exo-biological experiments organized by the ESA and the Roscosmos since 2002 (Foton – BIOPAN programs). The HPD also joined the MATROSHKA project in 2004 and received the possibility to participate in the “Development of a Complex Dosimetric Equipment for the Columbus Module of the ISS” within the ESA SURE program in 2006.

The HAMLET project is funded by the European Commission under the EU’s
Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) and coordinated by the
German Aerospace Center (DLR)

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